8 de septiembre de 2009

Simeón Serrate

Simeón Serrate Mayoral (Castejón de Monegros, 1913), hijo de gaitero, fue pastor y en sus soledades de pastor aprendió a toca la gaita. Muy joven se incorporó como danzante (volante) y cantor de romances al grupo del dance de su pueblo y desde 1973 fue Mayoral del dance de Monegros. En la actualidad, reside en Zaragoza, sus manos mantienen la destreza para tallar cucharas y otros utensilios con madera de boj, y su voz y su memoria la frescura para recordar el repertorio espléndido de romances, despertaderas y pasacalles que durante siglos acompañaron la vida festiva de toda la comarca de Monegros.

Simeón Serrate es depositario de un enorme caudal de saberes tradicionales: danzante y mayoral del dance, gaitero, gran cantador a son de gaita (¿quizás el último?) y constructor de pitas para este instrumento. En los últimos años, varias ediciones recogen parcialmente su saber en estos campos: el disco Monegros (SAGA,1990), su libro Historia del antiguo dance de Castejón de Monegros (Asociación de Gaiteros de Aragón, 1999) y el libro-disco La gaita en los Monegros (Prames, 1999) atesoran parte de los conocimientos que, sabiamente decantados por una biografía más que nonagenaria, Siméon nos ofrece. Una porción interesantísima de ese repertorio lo constituyen los Romances, cantos acompañados de gaita que antaño se interpretaban en forma de ronda por las calles de Castejón la víspera de las fiestas de Santa Ana. La costumbre se perdió, como tantas otras, hace décadas. Pero la viva memoria de Simeón y sus destacadísimas actitudes cantoras la reconstruyen para quien quiera oírle.
Romances lopescos o de discípulos del Fénix, textos en variantes del aragonés, giros profanos de romances divinos, integran una colección realmente singular en el contexto aragonés e, incluso, panhispánico.
El día 24 de Octubre, a las 18 horas, en el centro Cultural L'Almozara, Avda Puerta de Sancho,30 actuará en homenaje a Simeón Serrate, la Banda de Gaitas de Boto Aragonesas. Ese mismo día se realiza el concurso de interpretación de repertorio con gaita de boto aragonesa.

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